Presentation Title

Adaptive Gaming as an Occupation: A Phenomenological Study

Start Date

April 2020

End Date

April 2020

Major Field of Study

Occupational Therapy

Student Type

Graduate

Faculty Mentor(s)

Laura Greiss Hess, PhD, OTR/L

Presentation Format

Oral Presentation

Abstract/Description

Occupational therapists facilitate the use of adaptive equipment for individuals with disabilities to increase their independence in occupations. Video gaming is an occupation for children which involves the aspects of play, social interaction, problem solving, motor skills, and entertainment (Parham & Fazio, 1997). Current gaming research is focused on adaptive gaming as a rehabilitation intervention for children with neuromotor disabilities (Machado et al., 2017; Page, Barrington, Edwards & Barnett, 2017; Jannink et al., 2008). The current literature is missing phenomenological studies analyzing motor and social skills and lived experiences during game play. The Microsoft Xbox Adaptive Controller™ provides the opportunity to examine these phenomena. This qualitative study will hold a “Games Club” and use semi-structured interviews and video/audio recordings to observe the viewpoint of the child, peers, and parent(s) to understand the impact of adaptive gaming on the child, accessibility needs, motor skills, social interactions, inclusion, and meaning from each participant. Now that mainstream gaming technology can be adapted to provide access for individual needs, we have a unique opportunity to empirically examine this occupation and contribute to the assistive technology scholarship. Our research questions are: (1) What are the lived experiences of the gamers and their families through their participation in the “Games Club?” (2) What phenomena can be observed during the occupation of gaming as evidenced by video and audio data? Our presentation will include preliminary findings and video data of our gamers engaged in the “Games Club.” Implications for occupational therapy practice will be presented.

Comments

This presentation was accepted for the Scholarly and Creative Works Conference at Dominican University of California. The Conference was canceled due to the Covid-19 Pandemic

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Apr 22nd, 10:00 AM Apr 22nd, 8:00 PM

Adaptive Gaming as an Occupation: A Phenomenological Study

Occupational therapists facilitate the use of adaptive equipment for individuals with disabilities to increase their independence in occupations. Video gaming is an occupation for children which involves the aspects of play, social interaction, problem solving, motor skills, and entertainment (Parham & Fazio, 1997). Current gaming research is focused on adaptive gaming as a rehabilitation intervention for children with neuromotor disabilities (Machado et al., 2017; Page, Barrington, Edwards & Barnett, 2017; Jannink et al., 2008). The current literature is missing phenomenological studies analyzing motor and social skills and lived experiences during game play. The Microsoft Xbox Adaptive Controller™ provides the opportunity to examine these phenomena. This qualitative study will hold a “Games Club” and use semi-structured interviews and video/audio recordings to observe the viewpoint of the child, peers, and parent(s) to understand the impact of adaptive gaming on the child, accessibility needs, motor skills, social interactions, inclusion, and meaning from each participant. Now that mainstream gaming technology can be adapted to provide access for individual needs, we have a unique opportunity to empirically examine this occupation and contribute to the assistive technology scholarship. Our research questions are: (1) What are the lived experiences of the gamers and their families through their participation in the “Games Club?” (2) What phenomena can be observed during the occupation of gaming as evidenced by video and audio data? Our presentation will include preliminary findings and video data of our gamers engaged in the “Games Club.” Implications for occupational therapy practice will be presented.