Presentation Title

Are all instrumental activities of daily living equal? A correlational study on the performances of adults with acquired brain injury

Location

Guzman 110, Dominican University of California

Start Date

4-17-2019 3:40 PM

Department

Occupational Therapy

Student Type

Graduate

Faculty Mentor(s)

Kitsum Li, OTD, OTR/L

Presentation Format

Oral Presentation

Abstract/Description

Research exploring the relationship between performances in different instrumental activities of daily living (IADLS) by adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) has yet to occur. The purpose of this quantitative pilot study is to examine if there is a correlation in performances among different IADLs in adults with an ABI. The oral presentation will provide background on the cognitive skills utilized in IADLs, and how cognitive skills and performance in IADLs may become impacted after an ABI. Presenters will then explain how examination of performance in IADLs will be measured with the Executive Function Performance Test, a performance based assessment in which the client performs three everyday tasks. A two group correlational design is being utilized to compare performance scores between adults with an ABI who returned to driving, and adults with an ABI who did not return to driving after their brain injury. Results will then be analyzed to determine a mean group difference, and if a significant difference exists between the two groups in regards to their performance scores. Pearson correlation coefficient will be utilized to analyze if correlations exists between each performance score for each everyday task and the ability to return to driving. Examination of how performance in one IADL may translate to performance in another IADL is important for deepening our understanding of the impact brain injuries may have on adults with ABI and their support network. Results of this study may also give practitioners insight into how success in one IADL may be able to predict success in another IADL.

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Apr 17th, 3:40 PM

Are all instrumental activities of daily living equal? A correlational study on the performances of adults with acquired brain injury

Guzman 110, Dominican University of California

Research exploring the relationship between performances in different instrumental activities of daily living (IADLS) by adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) has yet to occur. The purpose of this quantitative pilot study is to examine if there is a correlation in performances among different IADLs in adults with an ABI. The oral presentation will provide background on the cognitive skills utilized in IADLs, and how cognitive skills and performance in IADLs may become impacted after an ABI. Presenters will then explain how examination of performance in IADLs will be measured with the Executive Function Performance Test, a performance based assessment in which the client performs three everyday tasks. A two group correlational design is being utilized to compare performance scores between adults with an ABI who returned to driving, and adults with an ABI who did not return to driving after their brain injury. Results will then be analyzed to determine a mean group difference, and if a significant difference exists between the two groups in regards to their performance scores. Pearson correlation coefficient will be utilized to analyze if correlations exists between each performance score for each everyday task and the ability to return to driving. Examination of how performance in one IADL may translate to performance in another IADL is important for deepening our understanding of the impact brain injuries may have on adults with ABI and their support network. Results of this study may also give practitioners insight into how success in one IADL may be able to predict success in another IADL.