Presentation Title

The Effects of Synthetic Shading on Thermal Bleaching of Aquacultured Orbicella faveolata Corals

Location

Martin de Porres 101, Dominican University of California

Start Date

4-17-2019 2:30 PM

End Date

4-17-2019 3:00 PM

Department

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Student Type

Undergraduate - Honors

Faculty Mentor(s)

Vania Coelho, PhD and Tyler Johnson, PhD

Presentation Format

Oral Presentation

Abstract/Description

Coral bleaching occurs when the organisms are faced with a high degree of thermal stress, causing them to expel their zooxanthellae (algal symbionts), resulting in a white appearance and a decrease in their nutritional intake. Due to rising ocean temperatures and climate change, this problem has become more prevalent over the last 40 years (Hughes, T.P et al). This study will explore data collected from research conducted at Dominican University of California, coupled with literature on sustainability methods and other similar experiments, to demonstrate measures that can be taken to reduce incidents of coral bleaching. In the experiment, the impact of synthetic shading on the thermal bleaching of aquacultured fragments of an endangered species of corals, Orbicella faveolata, were observed over the course of eight degree heating weeks (DHWs). 342 corals of three genotypes, A (F1A), B (F1255), and C (F3A), were equally divided into three treatments: normal water temperature, no shade (control); high water temperature, no shade (NS); and high temperature, 80% shade (80S). The control tanks were set at 26.5℃, while NS and 80S tanks were set at 31.5℃. Pictures were taken at each DHW and corals were scored on a standardized color scale. Analysis of the scores demonstrated that for all genotypes, shading was an effective measure to reduce bleaching. The results of this experiment are promising, as they allude to a possible method of lowering the incidence rate of coral bleaching.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

Import Event to Google Calendar

COinS
 
Apr 17th, 2:30 PM Apr 17th, 3:00 PM

The Effects of Synthetic Shading on Thermal Bleaching of Aquacultured Orbicella faveolata Corals

Martin de Porres 101, Dominican University of California

Coral bleaching occurs when the organisms are faced with a high degree of thermal stress, causing them to expel their zooxanthellae (algal symbionts), resulting in a white appearance and a decrease in their nutritional intake. Due to rising ocean temperatures and climate change, this problem has become more prevalent over the last 40 years (Hughes, T.P et al). This study will explore data collected from research conducted at Dominican University of California, coupled with literature on sustainability methods and other similar experiments, to demonstrate measures that can be taken to reduce incidents of coral bleaching. In the experiment, the impact of synthetic shading on the thermal bleaching of aquacultured fragments of an endangered species of corals, Orbicella faveolata, were observed over the course of eight degree heating weeks (DHWs). 342 corals of three genotypes, A (F1A), B (F1255), and C (F3A), were equally divided into three treatments: normal water temperature, no shade (control); high water temperature, no shade (NS); and high temperature, 80% shade (80S). The control tanks were set at 26.5℃, while NS and 80S tanks were set at 31.5℃. Pictures were taken at each DHW and corals were scored on a standardized color scale. Analysis of the scores demonstrated that for all genotypes, shading was an effective measure to reduce bleaching. The results of this experiment are promising, as they allude to a possible method of lowering the incidence rate of coral bleaching.