Graduation Year


Document Type

Senior Thesis


Bachelor of Science in Nursing

Primary Major


Primary Minor

Philosophy & Religion

Thesis Advisor

Maryam Hamidi, PhD, RN


Background In our modern environment, diabetes has become a significant public health issue. It is estimated that there are currently 537 million diabetics living in the world. According to those predictions, there will be about 783 million diabetics worldwide by 2045. With the effects of rapid lifestyle changes and urbanization, there is a rising tendency in the prevalence of diabetes and its consequences, such as retinopathy. Moreover, diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of avoidable blindness.

Objective The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether there is a relationship between early education and health outcomes in regards to retinopathy. This study will also explore the use of interventions necessary to raise awareness and compliance rates among individuals with type II diabetes mellitus.

Methods A literature review was compiled of primary studies that investigates awareness of diabetes management and its complications on diabetics. A proposal for a study is included as well which can serve to bridge the gap of reducing the risk of retinopathy.

Included in

Nursing Commons