Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Patricia Harris PhD, RN, CNS
Organ transplants are crucial to the survival of those on the receiving end. With medicine advancing, so has transplantation. Health care providers are becoming more aware of the strategies necessary to prolong the transplanted organ and how to obtain better outcomes. Heart, lungs, kidney, liver, pancreas, and some where more than one organ are involved, are the types of organ transplants performed.
Providing patients information will allow them to be a part of their treatment and can help to ease their anxiety knowing what is being performed and what can be expected. Health care providers must ensure that patients and their families are knowledgeable about the procedure, care in the hospital, and how to care for themselves in order to aid in a positive outcome.
Using meta-analysis, randomized control trials, as well as other methods there were factors found to be beneficial as well as harmful toward the outcome of receiving an organ transplant. Depression and anxiety were a factor in the morbidity and mortality of transplants. The use of tobacco after receiving an organ transplant aids in poorer transplant outcomes.
Factors that were beneficial to transplant outcomes included mindfulness-based stress reduction, during this trial it was proven that stress and anxiety in patients was reduced. Video training before transplantation also showed to produce positive outcomes.
Providing patients with more information before an organ transplant can help generate positive outcomes. Making sure all questions are answered fully, as well as giving the patient and family members ways to reduce stress and anxiety should be included in all pre-operative appointments.