Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Patricia Harris PhD, RN, CNS
Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that causes difficulties in maintaining focus, working memory, and executive function. The current literature reveals extensive research on males diagnosed with ADHD whereas fewer studies on females have been performed due, at least in part, to inadequate assessment and/or identification of women who present with subtle gender differences in symptom profile and comorbidity. This thesis reviewed six peer-reviewed primary research articles published between the years 2002 to 2020 that explore the variations in gender differences and the associated comorbidities of adult ADHD. While current literature has identified the differences in gender presentation and how that may affect diagnosis and person wellbeing, much of the research has been conducted on children. There is very little research on interventions that enhance outcomes for adult ADHD women. In this thesis, I introduce a new method of treatment therapies for women with ADHD that focuses on their emotional and functional needs as adults which increases in complexity with age and level of independence. This promising new approach has the potential to dramatically improve identification, treatment, and outcomes for women with ADHD and to further advance the care of psychiatric mental health professionals.