Department

Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Document Type

Article

Source

Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry

Publication Date

7-15-2012

ISSN

1464-3391

Volume

20

Issue

14

First Page

4348

Last Page

4355

Digital Object Identifier / DOI

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2012.05.043

Abstract

A nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) luciferase assay has been employed to identify the bengamides, previously known for their anti-tumor activity, as a new class of immune modulators. A unique element of this study was that the bengamide analogs were isolated from two disparate sources, Myxococcus virescens (bacterium) and Jaspis coriacea (sponge). Comparative LC-MS/ELSD and NMR analysis facilitated the isolation of M. viriscens derived samples of bengamide E (8) and two congeners, bengamide E' (13) and F' (14) each isolated as an insperable mixture of diastereomers. Additional compounds drawn from the UC, Santa Cruz repository allowed expansion of the structure activity relationship (SAR) studies. The activity patterns observed for bengamide A (6), B (7), E (8), F (9), LAF 389 (12) and 13-14 gave rise to the following observations and conclusions. Compounds 6 and 7 display potent inhibition of NF-κB (at 80 and 90 nM, respectively) without cytotoxicity to RAW264.7 macrophage immune cells. Western blot and qPCR analysis indicated that 6 and 7 reduce the phosphorylation of IκBα and the LPS-induced expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines TNFα, IL-6 and MCP-1 but do not effect NO production or the expression of iNOS. These results suggest that the bengamides may serve as therapeutic leads for the treatment of diseases involving inflammation, that their anti-tumor activity can in part be attributed to their ability to serve as immune modulating agents, and that their therapeutic potential against cancer merits further consideration.

PubMed ID

22705020

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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