Bachelor of Science
Director of the Honors Program
Gigi Gokcek, PhD
Susan Morris, PhD, OTR/L
Ruth Ramsey, EdD, OTR/L
Dementia-related changes in cognition, memory, and personality can have wide-ranging impacts on individuals, families, and healthcare systems (Plassman et al., 2007); including caregiver burnout, disruption of family life, and costly care requirements (Graneheim, Johansson, & Lindgren, 2014). Dementia has become a global issue; 46 million people worldwide have dementia and $600 billion are spent on dementia-related care every year (Farina al., 2016). Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) generally assume the majority of day-to-day care and are a vital component of providing quality, person-centered services to patients with dementia in residential care (Burke & Orlowski, 2015). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between knowledge and self-efficacy in CNA caregivers of patients with dementia. This exploratory correlational study employed a cross-sectional design to examine the relationship between knowledge and self-efficacy in a group of 29 CNA caregivers of patients with dementia. Participants completed a survey battery measuring self-rated level of dementia knowledge, general dementia knowledge, knowledge of specific dementia approaches, and caregiver self-efficacy. The researcher used a Pearson’s r correlation analysis to explore the relationships among the four outcomes. The researcher did not find the expected correlation between overall knowledge and self-efficacy, but perhaps more importantly, discovered a significant relationship found between caregivers’ confidence in their dementia knowledge and their self-efficacy in working with these patients. Self-efficacy in care is less related to general dementia knowledge as much as a sense of knowing what to do as a dementia caregiver. Effective dementia training should educate not only on general understanding of dementia, but also on specific approaches to improve care outcomes.
Miller, Sophie E., "Linking Key Factors of Quality Dementia Care: Knowledge and Self-Efficacy" (2017). Honors Theses. 23.
Geriatric Nursing Commons, Health and Medical Administration Commons, Nursing Administration Commons, Occupational Therapy Commons, Other Mental and Social Health Commons, Psychiatric and Mental Health Commons, Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Commons