Nursing Student’s Expectancy-Value Regarding Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Knowledge Retention
Dominican University of California
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a sudden and unexpected death within the first year of life, which is attributable to unexplained causes after autopsies and full case investigations are unable ..
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is a sudden and unexpected death within the first year of life, which is attributable to unexplained causes after autopsies and full case investigations are unable to resolve the reason for death. Annually in the United States, approximately 3,600 infants die unexpectedly and suddenly of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) and in 2018, there were 1,300 infant deaths due to SIDS (CDC, 2018). Despite American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations promoting the endorsement and modelling of SIDS risk-recommendations from birth, studies reveal that both nursing students and registered nurses have deficient knowledge in adequate SIDS prevention knowledge and training (Burgess et al., 2017; Bartlow, Cartwright, Shefferly, 2016; Graham & Peoples 2019). The purpose of this cross-sectional correlational study is to explore baccalaureate nursing students’ recall of SIDS risk factors and AAP guidelines for safe infant sleep, and their perceived value of retaining this information after completion of pediatrics and maternity coursework. 51 participants completed an online questionnaire to evaluate their expectancy-value of retaining SIDS knowledge via Likert scale and their actual knowledge of SIDS risk factors and AAP guidelines. Data collection and analysis took place throughout February and March of 2021. There is significant correlation between expectancy-value score and desired specialty area after graduation, but no significant correlation between retention of SIDS information related to the students’ prior experience with infant caregiving and their future area of nursing specialization.