Thesis Title

A Literature Review Examining the Impact of School Retention on Middle School Student Academic Success

Graduation Date

Spring 2003

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Science

Program Name


Program Director

Madalienne F. Peters, EdD


This paper provides a literature review examining the impact of school retention in the United States, focusing specifically on the relationship of student retention and academic success of middle school students. The majority of previous research on retention, dating back decades, has not found retention effective as a strategy to improve academic performance. Overall, current literature reveals that retention is a complex issue, has some negative ramifications, and confirms previous research that retention still is not a proven effective agent of change for academic performance as designed for students who are retained. Implications for the future, including important support strategies for retainees, as well as alternatives to retention are explored.

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