Thesis Title

Physical Education and Self-Esteem: The Effect of Cooperative Groups in Fourth and Fifth Grade Physical Education Classes

Graduation Date

Spring 2002

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Science

Program Name


Program Director

Madalienne F. Peters, EdD


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a cooperative physical education model compared with a competitive physical education model on 4th and 5th grade students’ self-esteem. Students participate in two weeks of competitive team sports. Students also participated in two weeks of cooperative skill-building activities. Students completed surveys in which self-esteem, cooperation, competition, and carry over to non-physical education activities were measured. Results indicated that cooperative physical education activities improved self-esteem, cooperation and carry over. Students’ desire to participate in competitive activities declined.

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