Graduation Year


Document Type

Master's Thesis


Master of Science



Program Director

Elizabeth Truesdell, PhD

First Reader

Jennifer Lucko, PhD

Second Reader

Jaci Urbani, PhD


Research shows that homework is not as beneficial for students in elementary school as it is in upper grades. However, in order to be successful in upper grades, students must learn the skills to complete homework. These skills are defined as executive functions and are important skills for students to have moving forward yet these skills are not being taught early enough. The purpose of this research project was to better understand the relationship between homework and executive functioning in elementary schools and see how homework can be better used to teach and enforce executive functioning skills. In this study, parents and teachers were interviewed to discuss their personal philosophy on homework, executive functioning and their experiences with both. Those who did not participate in an interview were invited to answer a short survey asking similar questions in multiple choice form. The data shows that although executive functioning skills are important for a student to be able to successfully complete their homework, there is a disconnect between teachers, parents, and the administration around homework expectations. However, until homework is changed from a district level, homework cannot be used to teach executive functioning skills at an elementary school level.

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