Thesis Title

The Spiral Symbol: Yesterday and Today

Graduation Date

Summer 2002

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy

Degree Granting Institution

Notre Dame de Namur University

Program Name

Art Therapy


Lizbeth Martin, PhD

First Reader

Richard Carolan, EdD, ATR-BC

Second Reader

Doris Arrington, EdD, ATR-BC


This research paper investigates the historical meaning and significance of the spiral as it relates to the Celtic culture and how that meaning has carried forth on to today. The spiral's prevalence and significance was gained through resources that focused on specific areas of culture. Those resources provided a foundation for how the spiral is seen and used in today's society. The research investigation includes an historical approach focusing on the Celtic civilization as well as an investigation on the spiral's prevalence in the areas of spirituality, mythology, religion, art, and architecture. The work of Rhoda Kellogg and Carl Jung provide a basic understanding of the spiral's present day use in relation to its past. This paper will also look into the spiral's prevalence in meditation and psychotherapy. Similarities and differences between the spiral's present influences and opportunities for the future are compiled and discussed.