Thesis Title

Concurrent Validity of the House-Tree-Person and Kinetic-Family -Drawings as Depression Assessment Tools in the Non-Clinical Korean American Adolescent

Graduation Date

Spring 1999

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy

Degree Granting Institution

Notre Dame de Namur University

Program Name

Art Therapy


Elaine L. Cohen, EdD

First Reader

Richard Carolan, EdD, ATR-BC

Second Reader

Arnell Etherington, PhD, MFT, ATR-BC


This study examined the concurrent validity of House-Tree-Person (H-T-P) drawings and Kinetic-Family-Drawings (K-F-D) as measures of depression with Korean American adolescents whose parents are first generation immigrants. Thirty-five Korean American adolescents (30 U.S.-born, 5 Korean-born) were requested to make H-T-P drawings and K-F-D drawings and to complete psychological measures which included the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II and the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS):2. The K-F-D drawings were scored using the Family Drawing Depression Scale (Wright & McIntyre, 1982) and the H-T-P drawings were scored using a qualitative global 4 points Likert scale rating form. Results indicated that neither the H-T-P nor the K-F-D ratings of depression indicators were strongly correlated to the BDI-II measure of depression.