Measuring the Validity of the DAP-SF Using the Draw-a-Person Projective Drawing to Assess Self-Seteem in Latino Adolescents
Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy
Degree Granting Institution
Notre Dame de Namur University
Elaine L. Cohen, EdD
Richard Carolan, EdD, ATR-BC
Arnell Etherington, PhD, MFT, ATR-BC
The purpose of this study is to determine the validity of the Draw-A-Person School Form (DAP-SF) as a measure of self-esteem. Identified variables from the DAP-SF were compared to the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory School Form (SEI-SF). It was hypothesized that the DAP-SF would correlate positively with the SEI- SF. Thirty 5th- and 6th-grade male and female Latino students participated in this correlation study. They were first administered the Self-esteem Inventory School Form (SEI-SF) to determine levels of global self-esteem and were then asked to draw a person. The drawings were scored by two raters using the DAP-SF. These scores were correlated individually and collectively to the SEI-SF scores. As a whole females scored higher than males on the SEI-SF and DAP-SF. Individuals in an intervention-based program scored higher on the SEI-SF and the DAP-SF than those individuals who had no intervention. Individuals who self-identified as Mexican American scored higher on the SEI-SF and the DAP-SF than those individuals who self-identified as Latinos. Based on SEI scores ranging from 38-100, three levels of self-esteem were established: high self-esteem (HSE) 64-100, moderate self-esteem (MSE) 56-64, and low self-esteem 38-54 (LSE). MSE subjects obtained the highest scores on the DAP-SF scales.
This researcher found that there was a weak negative correlation between the SEI-SF and DAP-SF.
Duarte, Yvette, "Measuring the Validity of the DAP-SF Using the Draw-a-Person Projective Drawing to Assess Self-Seteem in Latino Adolescents" (1999). Art Therapy | Master's Theses in Print. 45.