Thesis Title

The Use of Imagery and Visualization in a Cognitive-Based Art Therapy Group to Increase Internality in Adolescent Girls

Graduation Date

Spring 1995

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy

Degree Granting Institution

Notre Dame de Namur University

Program Name

Art Therapy


Exploratory research was performed to determine whether a ten-week cognitive-based art therapy group for adolescent girls would be effective in increasing participant's intemality. Imagery/visualization techniques and art therapy techniques were used in conjunction with cognitive/behavioral therapy techniques to allow participants the opportunity to objectify, discover, and manipulate underlying assumptions which affect their behavior. Results of a comparison between pre and post tests of the Norwiki/Strickland Interview for Children yielded non significant results (p<.00l) however self- report, artwork, and participant's behavior suggested positive change in their degree of intemality. Results are discussed and three case studies are presented to illustrate the progress of certain individuals. Suggestions for future research are indicated.