Thesis Title

Using Precision Grawing Tools with Men in Art Therapy

Graduation Date

Spring 2011

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy

Degree Granting Institution

Notre Dame de Namur University

Program Name

Art Therapy


Lisa Bjerknes, MD, MBA

First Reader

Laury Rappaport, PhD, ATR-BC

Second Reader

Gwen Sanders, MFT, ART-BC


This study sought to test the hypothesis that men who score higher on the Gender Role Conflict Scale (GRCS) will choose Precision Drawing tools to create an art therapy directive more frequently than men who score low on the GRCS, and also more than women overall. The study examined the results of 17 men and 8 women when given 2 art directives: (1) free drawing and a (2) Kinetic House-Tree-Person (KHTP) drawing. The male volunteers were asked to complete the Gender-Role Conflict Scale (GRCS) and both men and women volunteers were asked to complete a survey questioner about their preference for art materials including precision drawing tools. The results indicate that there was no significant correlation between those men who scored high on the Gender-Role Conflict Scale and that of their preference of precision drawing tools for completing art therapy directive. However, there was a strong preference for the precision drawing tools for men when compared to the women’s preference.