Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy and Bookmaking to Promote Protective Resiliency of Children Living in a Homeless Shelter
Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy
Degree Granting Institution
Notre Dame de Namur University
John Lemmon, PhD
Laury Rappaport, PhD, ATR-BC
Richard Carolan, EdD, ATR-BC
This mixed methods study hypothesized that school age children who are living in a homeless shelter would experience an increase in self-esteem and promote protective resilience in a four-session Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy and Bookmaking art group intervention based on Positive Psychology. The participants would also experience an increase in self-awareness, expression, social interaction, creativity, and sense of accomplishment. Additionally, the research sought to answer the following qualitative research question: How does Bookmaking based on Positive Psychology and Focusing- Oriented Art Therapy promote protective resilience factors with school age homeless children? The study was a quasi-experimental, pre-test/post-test research design in which the data was collected from a non-random experimental group and the pre-test and posttest used to measure the participants’ resiliency levels prior to and after participation in the four-session group intervention. The Art-based component used an art therapy assessment, “Draw a Person in the Rain”. The group consisted of four school age children between the ages of seven and twelve. The independent variable was the four-session, one week Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy and Bookmaking group; the dependent variable was the participants’ resiliency. The quantitative results of this study indicated that there was positive change in the pre-and post-test differences for the intervention on the SEARS-C Social-Emotional Assets and Resilience Scale and DAPR art based assessment. From the qualitative findings, an increase of protective resilience was found in participants’ drawings. Participants perceived a positive change in their sense of self after the intervention and found the intervention was found to be helpful in improving self-awareness, self-expression, and a sense of accomplishment.
Lee, Hyun A., "Focusing-Oriented Art Therapy and Bookmaking to Promote Protective Resiliency of Children Living in a Homeless Shelter" (2011). Art Therapy | Master's Theses in Print. 196.