Thesis Title

Preferred Symbols by Gay Men Utilizing the Arrington Visual Preference Test: A Jungian Based Construct

Graduation Date

Fall 2010

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy

Degree Granting Institution

Notre Dame de Namur University

Program Name

Art Therapy


Lisa Bjerknes, MD, MBA

First Reader

Laury Rappaport, PhD, ATR-BC

Second Reader

Doris Arrington, EdD, ATR-BC


The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of gay men, a subset of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) community. Following an art-based quantitative research design, the research project sought to answer the question: What are the preferred symbols of gay men based on the Arrington Visual Preference Test (AVPT) a Jungian construct. Thirty-one gay men from the San Francisco Bay Area participated in the study. The results of the study indicated that the most preferred Jungian archetype was transformation and the least preferred Jungian archetype was masculine. The research question explored gave insight on how symbolism is viewed by gay men.