Thesis Title

The Bicultural Identity Development (BID) Art Therapy Intervention with Hispanic Adults

Graduation Date

Fall 2010

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Document Form


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy

Degree Granting Institution

Notre Dame de Namur University

Program Name

Art Therapy


Lisa Bjerknes, MD, MBA

First Reader

Laury Rappaport, PhD, ATR-BC

Second Reader

Deann Acton, LMFT, ATR-BC


Adolescence is a challenging phase of human development with many external and internal pressures. The difficulty of adolescence is compounded when a family immigrates to another country, thus introducing a host of new stressors. Hispanic immigrants represent a growing sector of the US population. This research study focuses on Hispanic adolescent immigrants and seeks to determine the efficacy of the Bicultural Identity Development art therapy directive to foster resiliency within an at-risk population by increasing self-esteem, reducing acculturative stress, and promoting healthy coping skills. The sponsoring agency for this grant is the Youth Service Bureau (housed underneath the San Francisco YMCA), which serves families and children in the Bay Area.