A Study of Art Therapy in Identity Exploration and Self-Efficacy
Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy
Degree Granting Institution
Notre Dame de Namur University
Caryl Hodges, EdD
Jennifer Myers Harrison, PsyD, ATR-BC, DAAETS
This paper illustrates the impact of an 8-week art therapy regimen on the perceived self-efficacy of participants seeking dual diagnosis treatment for the Substance Use Disorders (SUDs). It was hypothesized that pre- and post-test results of the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults (STAIAD), and the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomology Self-Report (QIDS-SR) would reflect an increase in perceived self efficacy, and decreases in anxiety and depressive symptoms. The STAIAD and QIDS-SR were included in the study as indicators of well-being. The regimen was designed by the student researcher and focused on identity exploration through the lens of Humanistic theory. The regimen is outlined week-by-week, illustrative case studies and group responses are described, and empirical assessment of the regimen’s efficacy is provided.
Discussion focuses on the significance of results obtained and the need for further research. Paired samples testing showed an increase in perceived self-efficacy and decreases in anxious and depressed symptoms, as predicted. Small population size meant that these results were not statistically significant. However, qualitative results indicate that participants found the 8-week regimen helpful. Participants vocalized a belief that art-making provided emotional release through externalization, a tool for self-expression, and a source of pride in Self. Jungian concepts presented also resonated with participants, with some sharing with the group regarding ways in which these concepts related to themselves and provided groundwork and structure for understanding the Self.
Cavasinni, Christine, "A Study of Art Therapy in Identity Exploration and Self-Efficacy" (2017). Art Therapy | Electronic Master's Theses 2015 - 2021. 35.