n 2015, I attended the Association of Occupational Therapists of Ireland Conference and was inspired by the keynote address given by Sue Baptiste, MHSc, OT(C). Baptiste explored how she viewed the profession of occupational therapy as moving away from its roots in occupation and becoming more reductionistic in its practice. The profession of occupational therapy has seen many paradigm shifts—from a paradigm of occupation, to a mechanistic paradigm, and then toward a contemporary paradigm, which embraces (1) emphasizing the importance of occupation to health and well-being, (2) recognizing occupational problems and/or challenges as the focus of occupational therapy, and (3) using occupation to improve health status (Kielhofner, 2009).
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McCarthy, Karen and Kuwada, Kira, "A Comical Look at Occupational Therapy" (2018). Collected Faculty and Staff Scholarship. 333.
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