Neuropeptide Y: A hypothalamic brake restraining the onset of puberty in primates
Journal or Conference Title
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Natural Sciences and Mathematics
The adult reproductive axis is driven by an intermittent discharge of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) generated by a network of hypothalamic neurons known as the GnRH pulse generator. Although this signal generator is operational in infant primates, puberty in these species is delayed by activation shortly after birth of a central neural mechanism that holds GnRH release in check during juvenile development. Here, we show that, in the male rhesus monkey, the postnatal pattern in GnRH pulse generator activity is inversely related to that in neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene and protein expression in the mediobasal hypothalamus and that central administration of an NPY Y1 receptor antagonist to juvenile animals elicits precocious GnRH release. Cell imaging indicated that the developmentally regulated NPY neurons may be located in regions dorsal to the arcuate nucleus. These findings lead us to propose that NPY is a fundamental component of the neurobiological brake restraining the onset of puberty in primates.
El Majdoubi, Mohammed; Sahu, Abhiram; and Plant, Tony M., "Neuropeptide Y: A hypothalamic brake restraining the onset of puberty in primates" (2000). Collected Faculty and Staff Scholarship. 310.
Originally published as El Majdoubi, M., Sahu, A., Ramaswamy, S., & Plant, T. M. (2000). Neuropeptide Y: a hypothalamic brake restraining the onset of puberty in primates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 97(11), 6179-6184.