Dominican University of California
 

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Presentation or Panel Title

The Influence of Socioeconomic Status and Personal Factors on Medication Adherence and Diet Compliance in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Location

Guzman 113

Start Date

4-14-2016 6:00 PM

End Date

4-14-2016 6:30 PM

Department

Nursing

Student Type

Undergraduate - Honors

Faculty Mentor

Luanne Linnard-Palmer, RN, MSN, OCN

Presentation Format

Oral Presentation

Abstract/Description

The prevalence of diabetes is growing rapidly. Global estimates for 2030 is 7.7%, or 439 million adults (Santhanakrishnan, Lakshminarayanan, & Kar, 2014). Medication adherence and diet compliance for patients with Type 2 Diabetes is crucial for long-term health and glycemic control. External factors inhbiting adherence among low -income subjects include economic and access barriers (Janice & Songer, 2001). Patients of low socioeconomic status have more complications and less glycemic control (Janice & Songer, 2001). Patient education and low socioeconomic status are closely related to lack of preventative-focused diabetic care (Janice & Songer, 2001).

The purpose of this study was to examine diabetic educators and diabetic specialty nurse’s reports concerning the relationship between low socioeconomic status, medication adherence and diet compliance in patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Non-probability convenience, network and snowball sampling was used via members of the Sigma Theta Tau chapter, alumni and local diabetic educators association members. Healthcare professionals working in hospitals and community clinics with diabetic patients were targeted. The survey developed by this researcher included open-ended, multiple choice, and scales. The questions included demographics of the healthcare professional or diabetic educator, patient demographics and perceived barriers for their clients. This survey obtained construct and content validity by a clinical expert PhD prepared professors of nursing and a Master’s prepared expert diabetic educator. IRB approval was secured through Dominican University of California. Data collection is continuing through early spring. Descriptive, correlational and thematic analysis will be conducted. Results are pending and will be presented.

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Apr 14th, 6:00 PM Apr 14th, 6:30 PM

The Influence of Socioeconomic Status and Personal Factors on Medication Adherence and Diet Compliance in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Guzman 113

The prevalence of diabetes is growing rapidly. Global estimates for 2030 is 7.7%, or 439 million adults (Santhanakrishnan, Lakshminarayanan, & Kar, 2014). Medication adherence and diet compliance for patients with Type 2 Diabetes is crucial for long-term health and glycemic control. External factors inhbiting adherence among low -income subjects include economic and access barriers (Janice & Songer, 2001). Patients of low socioeconomic status have more complications and less glycemic control (Janice & Songer, 2001). Patient education and low socioeconomic status are closely related to lack of preventative-focused diabetic care (Janice & Songer, 2001).

The purpose of this study was to examine diabetic educators and diabetic specialty nurse’s reports concerning the relationship between low socioeconomic status, medication adherence and diet compliance in patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Non-probability convenience, network and snowball sampling was used via members of the Sigma Theta Tau chapter, alumni and local diabetic educators association members. Healthcare professionals working in hospitals and community clinics with diabetic patients were targeted. The survey developed by this researcher included open-ended, multiple choice, and scales. The questions included demographics of the healthcare professional or diabetic educator, patient demographics and perceived barriers for their clients. This survey obtained construct and content validity by a clinical expert PhD prepared professors of nursing and a Master’s prepared expert diabetic educator. IRB approval was secured through Dominican University of California. Data collection is continuing through early spring. Descriptive, correlational and thematic analysis will be conducted. Results are pending and will be presented.